Cars
Fact-checked

At WikiMotors, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.

Learn more...

What is Refrigerated Transport?

Refrigerated transport is a method of shipping that maintains goods at a specific, cool temperature throughout transit. It's essential for perishable items like food, pharmaceuticals, and certain chemicals, ensuring they arrive fresh and safe. This specialized logistics service uses refrigerated trucks, containers, and vessels. Curious about how it impacts global trade and your daily life? Let's delve deeper.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Refrigerated transport is a form of climate-controlled transportation which is designed to maintain a cool or frozen temperature, depending on the product being transported. The development of refrigerated transport was a key step in the development of modern food safety, since this form of transport ensures that foods stay at safe temperatures as they are shipped, and it has a number of other uses, from medicine to physics. Many shipping companies offer this type of transport for an additional cost, and some companies actually specialize in refrigerated transport.

Many people have engaged in the crudest form of refrigerated transport, which involves packing the temperature-sensitive product into a cooler or case with ice packs, dry ice, or loose ice. The ice keeps the temperature cold during shipping for a length of time which can vary from a few hours to a few days. This can be used to move a small quantity of a material, such as soft drinks for a picnic or biological samples from the site of an epidemic.

Frozen goods can be packed in dry ice for shipping.
Frozen goods can be packed in dry ice for shipping.

On a larger scale, refrigerated transport requires a refrigerated vehicle. Refrigerated trucks, train cars, and cargo holds use massive compressors and refrigeration equipment to maintain a constant temperature which can be adjusted to accommodate specific products. For example, some vaccines need to be shipped at very cold temperatures, while produce may simply need to be kept below ambient temperatures so that it does not ripen too quickly or become rotten.

This type of transport tends to demand a lot of fuel, because it takes energy to keep the shipping container cool during transit, especially if icy temperatures are needed. The fuel costs and the base cost of building a refrigerated unit for shipping can make refrigerated transport more expensive than conventional shipping, especially since the shipping company may also need to follow special precautions. Refrigerated trucks, for example, are usually not driven in extremely hot weather, because the refrigeration system could potentially fail when faced with very high temperatures.

Most users of refrigerated transport are large companies and institutions, because individuals rarely require huge volumes of refrigerated materials. Hospitals and medical research facilities rely on this type of transport for specialized medical supplies like vaccines and drugs, while scientific researchers use refrigerated shipping to transport certain chemicals and supplies which are vulnerable to temperature variations. Refrigerated transport is also a huge part of the global food industry, ensuring that fish, meat, dairy products, and fragile produce can be safely carried across great distances to satisfy hungry consumers.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WikiMotors researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WikiMotors researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...

You might also Like

Discussion Comments

Markerrag

I'm curious -- what is considered extremely hot weather? Here in the beautiful South, we've got about nine months of summer and nine months of something best defined as "not summer." Refrigerated trucks run quite often during the hot months because stores have to have refrigerated items to sell regardless of the weather.

Perhaps trucking companies still run their refrigerated trucks in the hottest parts of the summer but charge more for shipping. That would make sense.

Post your comments
Login:
Forgot password?
Register:
    • Frozen goods can be packed in dry ice for shipping.
      By: Jane Doe
      Frozen goods can be packed in dry ice for shipping.