We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is a Midget Submarine?

Mary McMahon
By
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
WikiMotors is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At WikiMotors, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

A midget submarine is a small submarine which is designed for short trips, with a small crew and minimal comforts. By contrast, a full-sized submarine is designed to accommodate crew for weeks or months at a time. Midget submarines tend to have small ranges and they can only remain submerged for short periods, but they can be extremely useful, and they are utilized in a wide range of ways.

The term “midget submarine” is usually used in a military sense, to refer to a small submarine which has been designed for a military purpose such as launching torpedoes, tracking enemy shipping, or spying. By contrast, civilians usually use the term “submersible,” in the sense of a small submarine used for underwater research which can range from searching for shipwrecks to looking at undersea life.

A typical midget submarine accommodates between two and eight people. There are no sleeping quarters, and room to move is often limited, with people taking up stations in the submarine before launch and remaining in position throughout the mission. Many midget submarines lack bathroom facilities and areas to store or prepare food, so they are really only designed for missions of a few hours in duration.

Classically, a midget submarine is launched by a mother ship which carries the submarine close to its target. The ship has facilities to store and work on the midget submarine, and it can potentially remain at sea for an extended period of time, ferrying the midget submarine from location to location as it is needed. Midget submarines may be totally self-contained with their own life support and steering systems, or they may be linked to the mother ship with cables, a practice which is more common with civilian submersibles.

There are some advantages to a midget submarine. It's easier to maneuver and use than a big submarine, and it's also much cheaper to build, maintain, and run. A nation could have a fleet of midget submarines instead of one large sub, thus allowing it to cover more area. A midget submarine is also harder for enemy ships to detect, since it is smaller and quieter than a regular submarine, and this was a big bonus during World War Two, when midget submarines reached some surprising places.

Several examples of vintage military midget submarines can be seen on display in maritime museums, with a number of examples being of German and Japanese construction. Retired submersibles are also sometimes on display at science museums, especially museums which focus on ocean exploration and marine biology.

WikiMotors is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a WikiMotors researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
WikiMotors, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

WikiMotors, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.